Lipiec 2015

OF INTEREST: Summer school on plasma diagnostics in Poland

​The first edition of the new Summer School ‚PhDiaFusion‚ for students and postdocs was successfully realized last week (16-20 June 2015) in Poland.   The aim of this initiative (cooperation between CEA Cadarache, Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN and Rzeszow Technical University in Poland) is to establish a thematic school, i.e. Summer School of Plasma Diagnostics, with a strictly defined topic: the first edition was devoted to ‚Soft X-ray diagnostics for Fusion Plasma’.   The choice of the School’s venue, in the south-eastern part of Poland, was not accidental. In this region the ‚green field’ for DONES is proposed under the auspices of local government and Consortium IFMIF/ELAMAT. This region has a heavy concentration of aerospace industry, scientific research centers, as well as educational and training facilities.   The next edition of the School in 2017 will be devoted to neutron and gamma for fusion plasma diagnostics. Book your time in the summer of 2017 for PhDiaFusion !   Photo: Chairman of the School Didier Mazon (CEA) has invited the eminent scientists who led lectures and tutorials for young students. Among them they were: Luigi Alloca, Robin Barnsley, Dimitri Batani, Andreas Dinklage, Tony Donne, Christian Ingesson, Hans-Joachim Kunze, Martin O’Mullane, Jef Ongena, Marek Rubel, Marek Sadowski, Jan Stockel and Tom Todd. Czytaj dalej...

OF INTEREST: Russian suppliers pass ITER quality audit

​For one week at the end of June, a representative of the ITER quality assurance team inspected a number of Russian industries for compliance with the quality system requirements of the ITER Organization.   These companies are producing hardware in the framework of Russia’s commitments to ITER’s in-kind procurement program, which distributes the manufacturing of ITER components and systems among the seven ITER Members.   The industries inspected—the Dollezhal Institute (Moscow), the Efremov Institute (St. Petersburg), JSC Energopul (Moscow), Fusion Centre (Moscow), and CJSC RTSoft (Moscow)—are responsible for the development and procurement of switching networks and fast distribution units, DC busbars and instrumentation; the blanket first wall; the electron cyclotron radio frequency gyrotrons; blanket module connections; and diagnostic systems and port plug integration. The Russian Domestic Agency was also inspected for its compliance to quality systems requirements.   The final report highlighted compliance with ITER Organization requirements and identified a number of ‚good practices’ at the industries inspected.    Czytaj dalej...

OF INTEREST: Overcoming the "mysterious barrier"

​Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have developed a detailed model of the source of a puzzling limitation on fusion reactions. The findings, published in June in Physics of Plasmas, complete and confirm previous PPPL research and could lead to steps to overcome the barrier if the model proves consistent with experimental data. ‚We used to have correlation,’ said physicist David Gates, first author of the paper. ‚Now we believe we have causation.’ This work was supported by the DOE Office of Science. At issue is a problem known as the ‚density limit’ that keeps donut-shaped fusion facilities called tokamaks from operating at peak efficiency. This limit occurs when the superhot, charged plasma gas that fuels fusion reactions reaches a certain density and spirals apart in a flash of light, shutting down the reaction. Overcoming the limit could facilitate the development of fusion as a safe, clean and abundant source of energy for generating electricity. Read the full article on the PPPL website. Image: Magnetic island geometry showing the asymmetry effect that is crucial in determining the mechanism for the density limit. Reprinted with permission from Phys. Plasmas 22, 022514 (2015). Copyright 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.   Czytaj dalej...

OF INTEREST: FuseCOM team meets in Finland

​In June, a group of Communications Officers from fusion laboratories across Europe met in Finland for two days of exchange. Representing the 29 research organizations and universities from 26 European countries plus Switzerland, the communicators from FuseCOM met for the first time on behalf of the newly built EUROfusion consortium to discuss European fusion communication.   EUROfusion, the European Consortium for the Development of Fusion Energy, manages and funds European fusion research activities on behalf of Euratom, in accordance with the Roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy, which outlines the most efficient way to realize fusion electricity by 2050. It is the result of an analysis of the European Fusion Programme undertaken in 2012 by the Research laboratories within EUROfusion’s predecessor agreement, the European Fusion Development Agreement, EFDA.   The FuseCOM members met in Finland, where they were hosted by Finland’s Research Unit VTT. Through presentations and working groups, participants shared news from the research units across Europe, practical examples of communication work, and strategies for the future. Meeting organizer and head of EUROfusion’s Communications Office, Petra Nieckchen, commented: ‚We have established a trusting network that is the very basis needed to reach our long-term goal: creating, with the network, a coherent European voice for fusion.’   Learn more about FuseCOM here. Czytaj dalej...

OF INTEREST: "Festival de Théorie" begins in Aix-en-Provence, France

The 8th edition of the Festival de Théorie opens on Monday 6 July in Aix-en-Provence, France. Held every two years, the Festival organizes theory working groups on well-focused subjects in magnetized plasma physics and aims to foster interdisciplinary links between magnetic fusion, astrophysics, plasma physics and related fields. The international meetings usually bring together 25 to 35 experts and about 80 younger researchers, including PhD students and post-docs. The Director Committee for this year’s edition is chaired by ITER Organization Director-General Bernard Bigot. The scientific committee is chaired by Prof. P.H. Diamond (UCSD and NFRI) and co-chaired by Dr. X. Garbet (CEA). The 2015 Festival de Théorie will run from 6 to 24 July 2015. The main topic is "Pathways to Relaxation." This includes — but is not limited to — reconnection events such as solar flares and general impulsive relaxation in astrophysics, sawteeth, Edge Localized Modes and edge relaxation phenomena in confined plasmas, Taylor relaxation, Potential Vorticity mixing dynamics and homogenization in fluids, and general aspects of constrained relaxation. More information at the conference website.   Czytaj dalej...

EVENT: Electrical Supply Contract Day

The ITER Organization cordially invites interested Electrical Energy Suppliers and Balance Responsibility Entities („Gestion d’Equilibre”) to participate at the ITER Headquarters in this Infoday aimed at presenting the scope for the Electricity Supply Contract to the ITER site.For those unable to attend personally, the event will be broadcasted via live-stream. Czytaj dalej...

NEWSLINE: R.J. Smits: "Fusion is at the core of Europe’s long-term energy strategy"

Interview with Robert-Jan Smits, Director-General for Research and Innovation within the European Commission and former Head of the European Delegation to the ITER Council. Mr. Smits, during last month’s sixteenth ITER Council, you officially announced that starting 1 July, the ITER Project will no longer be under the responsibility of the European Commission Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, led by you, but will move to the Directorate-General for Energy, led by Director Dominique Ristori. Can you explain the reasons behind this change?   ITER is a fascinating project, a complex project, a project for mankind. This is the only large-scale global project in which seven key partners from across the globe work together. There is not a single other field where we have this situation. So, from that point of view, ITER is unique. And it is also contributing to the enormous challenge we face to provide energy to our citizens and at the same time to decarbonize the economy.   And that is the reasoning behind the transfer of ITER from Research to Energy within the European Commission. It allows us to position fusion at the core of our long-term energy strategy. As you know, the European Commission has presented its plan for an Energy Union, which aims to increase energy security within Europe and at the same time contribute to global climate goals. In that context, ITER is now playing a key role. The transfer of the responsibility inside the European Commission symbolizes that we no longer see ITER as just a big science project.   Will this transfer change anything regarding the European participation in the project?   No, we have a first-class representative, Dominique Ristori, who knows the energy field inside and out, having worked more or Czytaj dalej...

NEWSLINE: A walk-through ASDEX Upgrade

In this new interactive animation produced by the Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics in Germany, you’re invited to take a virtual tour through the ASDEX Upgrade fusion device accompanied by doctoral students in plasma physics and engineering.   Whether you choose to enter the vacuum vessel or the control room, or you prefer a close-up explanation of the heating or diagnostic systems, you’ll be accompanied in your visit by short, clear explanations in German or English.   Since 1991, ASDEX Upgrade has operated as a midsize experiment whose essential plasma properties—particularly plasma density, plasma pressure, and wall load—have been adapted to the conditions that will be present in future fusion power plants.   With a power-plant-like geometry, a tungsten-clad vessel wall, and powerful and flexible plasma heating, ASDEX Upgrade contributes to the preparation of ITER and the next-step machine, DEMO, through studies focused on plasma-wall interactions and plasma stability.   Learn more about ASDEX Upgrade and take the virtual tour here. Czytaj dalej...

NEWSLINE: In Russia, last toroidal field conductor jacketed

On 19 June 2015 specialists of the Cable Institute (JSC VNIIKP) jacketed and compacted the last production length of Russian toroidal field conductor at Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP) jacketing line in Protvino.   The milestone marked the end of a five-year campaign to manufacture 28 production lengths, amounting to more than 120 tons of material. The sophisticated, multi-stage process involves strand production, cabling, jacketing and compaction. Conductor quality and the stability of parameters have been verified repeatedly through the testing of full-size samples at the SULTAN facility (EPFL, Switzerland) and by ITER Organization experts.   Fabrication of the Russian toroidal field conductor began in 2011. Many leading industries and research centres have been involved, including the Bochvar Institute, JSC TVEL, JSC ChMP, JSC VNIIKP, SRC IHEP, and the Kurchatov Institute. To meet the challenging task, a superconducting strand production line was created from the ground up at the Chepetsk Mechanical Plant (Glazov, Udmurtia); cabling equipment was installed at the Podolsk branch of VNIIKP; jacketing and compaction took place at IHEP; and final leak testing was performed at a facility of the Kurchatov Institute in Moscow.   The fabrication of the final toroidal field conductor length symbolizes the fulfilment of requirements by Russian industry, within the commitment made by Russia to the ITER Project.   After a series of tests, the conductor will be delivered to Italy for fabrication of ITER’s toroidal field magnet coils. By year end, all toroidal field conductor production lengths currently stored at Russian facilities will have been shipped to Europe. Czytaj dalej...

OF INTEREST: Infoday for Electricity Suppliers

​The ITER Organization cordially invites interested electrical energy suppliers and balance responsibility entities ("Gestion d’Equilibre") to participate in the ITER Organization Infoday aimed at presenting the scope of the contract for the Supply of Electricity to the ITER site. For the moment, the electricity for the ITER Headquarters and the construction site is provided via a 15kV network from the neighbouring CEA Cadarache research centre. But with the ITER switchyard in place and the 400/22kV Steady State Electrical Network transformers installed, ITER will soon become independent in its electricity supply. The ITER Organization has launched the Call for Nomination for the Supply of Electricity to the ITER site (http://www.iter.org/proc#CFT/490). The scope of the contract covers the supply of electricity to the ITER Organization’s site in St. Paul-lez-Durance, France and also the duties and responsibilities foreseen for the BalanceResponsibility Entity (La gestion de l’équilibre). An information day to present the contract scope will be held on 16 July 2015 at ITER Headquarters. For those unable to attend personally, the event will be broadcasted via live-stream. Further information and the agenda can be found here. Czytaj dalej...

OF INTEREST: Festival de Théorie to begin in Aix-en-Provence, France

The 8th edition of the Festival de Théorie opens on Monday 6 July in Aix-en-Provence, France. Held every two years, the Festival organizes theory working groups on well-focused subjects in magnetized plasma physics and aims to foster interdisciplinary links between magnetic fusion, astrophysics, plasma physics and related fields. The international meetings usually bring together 25 to 35 experts and about 80 younger researchers, including PhD students and post-docs. The Director Committee for this year’s edition is chaired by ITER Organization Director-General Bernard Bigot. The scientific committee is chaired by Prof. P.H. Diamond (UCSD and NFRI) and co-chaired by Dr. X. Garbet (CEA). The 2015 Festival de Théorie will run from 6 to 24 July 2015. The main topic is "Pathways to Relaxation." This includes — but is not limited to — reconnection events such as solar flares and general impulsive relaxation in astrophysics, sawteeth, Edge Localized Modes and edge relaxation phenomena in confined plasmas, Taylor relaxation, Potential Vorticity mixing dynamics and homogenization in fluids, and general aspects of constrained relaxation. More information at the conference website.   Czytaj dalej...